After the completion of his residency, he served two years in the U.S.
Public Health Service as Deputy Chief of the Psychiatric Service of the
USPHS Hospital in New Orleans where he was also an instructor at the Tulane
University Medical School.
He went to the Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit in
1955 in the Department of Psychiatry where he began the Outpatient Service
of the new Lafayette Clinic. He taught psychiatry as an Associate Professor
and he began a program in Bioethics in the medical school. He lectured
at the Michigan state mental hospitals. He started the Psychiatric Service
at Detroit Memorial Hospital and directed a post-graduate education for
practicing physicians. He planned drug abuse programs for the Michigan
Department of Mental Health and in 1970, he began medical services including
methadone maintenance at the Detroit Model Neighborhood Drug Abuse Program.
He was a consultant for several hospitals, clinics and Federal agencies.
He moved to California in 1974 where he was a Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
and Community Medicine at the University of California in San Francisco
and a Lecturer at the School of Public Health, UC Berkeley.
He has done private practice including forensic psychiatry. He participated
in medical and psychiatric organizations, served on the editorial boards
of professional journals and was a National Chairman of the Medical Committee
for Human Rights with whom he made the Selma to Montgomery March. He wrote
a book on mental health in China and 192 professional papers including
78 research reports.
He retired in 1992 and has done a book on the psychohistory of Hillary and Bill Clinton, short stories, book reviews and travel pieces. He is currently writing and doing sculpture and painting.